The term Bhawaiya may be derived from “Bhava” meaning “emotion”. Some believe that the term originated from the word “Bhawa” which means low lying land used to grow vegetables. Bhawaiya songs were typically sung by farmers while ploughing the land with buffaloes. Another opinion suggests that the word comes from the word “Bao”, meaning breeze. Bhawaiya has its origin in parts of Bangladesh and northern region of West Bengal.
It is believed that Bhawaiya originated in the district of Cooch Behar and Rangpur; covering a huge area of undivided Bengal - Jalpaiguri, Dinajpur, Rangpur, Nilfamari, Kurigram, Lalmonirghat, Thakurgaon, northern part of Bohoru and Rajshahi, Dhubri and Goalpara of Assam. Bhawaiya is the mainstream folk-song of Dholla, Dhudhkumar, Tista, Torsha Brahmaputra river basin area.
Bhawaiya songs have been made popular by renowned exponents like Abbasuddin, Abdul Karim, Pratima Baruah, etc. and this folk music tradition has been a source of inspiration for composers and song-writers of mainstream Bengali music and used in popular Bengali films as well.
Nearest railway station is New Alipurduar.
There are hotels near New Alipurduar railway station which offers good accommodation at reasonable prices.
The Bhawaiya folk artists of Alipurduar and Cooch Behar celebrated the first edition of Bhawaiya Mela in Alipurduar in April 2017. The second edition of this folk festival will be celebrated on January 12 - 14, 2018.